sonth according to ayurveda
As per Ayurveda, it is pleasant anti-ama, anti-vata, digestant, pungent, light, oily, hot in effect, laxative and anti-inflammatory. It makes food tasty and increases vital fluids. It helps bronchial troubles, nausea, vomiting and heart diseases. Throughout the whole of Asia, from China to Turkey, ginger has a reputation of being a powerful aphrodisiac. A masticate of a mixture of ginger, cinnamon, Piper cubeba and Anacyclus pyrethrum is often recommended for this purpose. Ginger juice is an aphrodisiac if taken with honey and half boiled egg at night for a month. It is said to strengthen the sex organs and cure impotence.
THE PLANT AND ITS DISTRIBUTION
It grows in hot, humid, sub-tropical climates in many parts of the world. The herb has broad leaves, arising from the ground . It rarely flowers. The fresh root is called adrak and the dried root sonth in most parts of India . Before drying, the rhizome is boiled in water and the outer corky layers are scrapped. It is cut longitudinally and dried. Sometimes calcium is added to the water before boiling.
sonth used as
As an anti-inflammatory agent
Ginger extract reduced swelling and was as active as aspirin. Patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis received relief using it. The pungent active constituent, gingerol, inhibited prostaglandin and leukotriene synthesis. It was a more potent inhibitor of prostaglandin biosynthesis than indomethacin. The essential oil of ginger inhibited chronic adjuvant arthritis in rats .
As a digestive agent
Ginger has a proteolytic enzyme action similar to papain. It has a stimulating action on bile, saliva production, gastric secretion and helps digestion by increasing metabolism
It inhibited experimentally-induced gastric ulcers. Through its anti-microbial activity it prevented ulceration and inhibited the manufacture of prostaglandin .
As an anti-microbial agent
It was effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria in various culture experiments. At the dose of 3 g, thrice daily, it had a significant effect on Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia spp. Anti-viral, anti-fungal, anthelmintic, anti-filarial and molluscicidal activities have also been observed .
As a cardiotonic
Ginger has a tonic effect on the heart’s action . It can increase bloodpressure by restricting blood flow in the peripheral area of the body. It has anti- platelet activity and a positive inotropic effect .
For lowering cholesterol
It lowered cholesterol both in the blood and in the liver by impairing its absorption. It suppressed appetite, which further decreased cholesterol intake (Giri et al. 1984, Bhasakar et al. 1984). The effect was not immediate. Tanabe et al. (1993) isolated a compound from ginger, which had an inhibitory effect on cholesterol biosynthesis.
It countered liver toxicity by increasing bile secretion .
Ethanol extract showed a biphasic effect on the secretion of cytokines by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro .
Many studies have shown that it increased bile secretion, prevented nausea and motion sickness. It had central nervous system depressant, cough suppressant, anti-vomiting, anti-convulsant and prostaglandin synthesis inhibition properties .
As an immunomodulator
Ginger had a stimulating effect on the immune system .
In migraine headaches
It helped neurological disorders, particularly migraines .
As an anabolic agent
In malabsorption syndromes, it improved body weight, appetite and increased haemoglobin percentage .
Maheshwari et al. administered water and alcohol extract of ginger for 30 days and observed a significant fall in the level of serum uric acid. Alcohol extract was more effective.