Sarpagandha (Rauvolfia serpentina)

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Sarpagandha according to ayurveda

Sarpagandha is a flowering plant native to the Indian Subcontinent and East Asia. The plant is now considered as an endangered species and the export of which is banned from India. It usually grows in shady forests. The herb is known to cure numerous disorders due to its constituents like carbohydrates, alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, phlobatannins, phenols, resins, tannins, saponins and terpenes.

uses of sarpagandha

High blood pressure:
Sarpagandha is known to lower blood pressure by many mechanisms. Firstly, it causes dilatation of the blood vessels. Secondly, reserpine, an alkaloid present in Sarpagandha, is responsible for inhibiting brain centres which are responsible for controlling blood pressure.It also affects the function of the autonomic nervous system by inhibiting the sympathetic nervous system activity and stimulating parasympathetic activity.This results in decreased heart rate, strength of heart muscle contraction and tone of the blood vessels.Sarpagandha is especially useful in those cases where the blood pressure has aggravated due to excess sympathetic nervous system activity such as in stress.

Psychotic disorders:
Clinical studies have proven that Sarpagandha, if used for around a period of 20 days can be helpful to reduce anxiety. The root of Sarpagandha is used to reduce agitation, insomnia and induce sedation. It has been used in the past for a large range of psychiatric disorders encompassing schizophrenia, epilepsy and insanity.

Intestinal disorder:
Sarpagandha has also been used to treat various intestinal disorders such as diarrhoea and dysentery.

Prostate cancer:
The plant extracts of R. serpentine have shown anticancer activity against prostate cancer in various experimental studies
Anxiety:
Early research shows that Indian snakeroot can reduce anxiety in some people when used for about 20 days. It is not known if Indian snakeroot has any benefit when used for longer periods of time.

Insomnia:
Early research shows that taking Indian snakeroot along with two other herbs might help insomnia. It is not known if Indian snakeroot helps with insomnia when used alone.

properties of sarpagandha

• Antimicrobial
• Antifungal
• Anti-inflammatory
• Anti-proliferative
• Antidiuretic
• Anticholinergic


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